What Does LT Mean on a Tire? How They Differ from P, ST and AT Tires

LT tires are designed for trucks, SUVs, and vans and can handle heavier loads and rougher terrain. They are stiffer and have a deeper tread than P-metric tires, but they also provide a harsher ride and lower fuel efficiency. P-metric tires are designed for cars and minivans and offer a smoother ride and better fuel efficiency.

Photo of author

Written by: Mohammad Sameer

Published on:

Ah, the elusive “LT” marking on a tire, a code that has puzzled drivers and philosophers alike for ages. Is it a secret message from tire manufacturers, or perhaps a relic from ancient car civilizations? 

Fear not, for we are about to embark on a whimsical journey to unravel the mystery behind these cryptic letters.

Buckle up, dear reader, as we decode the enigmatic “LT” and uncover what truly rolls beneath our vehicles. 

What Does LT Mean on a Tire?

image source: tiregrades.com

Ever wondered what “LT” means on a tire? It stands for “Light Truck”, but don’t let the name fool you—it’s all about heavy-duty use. These tires are the go-to for larger trucks, SUVs, and commercial vans that need something tough.

We’re talking about a more durable construction with hardier rubber compounds, meaning these tires can handle more weight.

They boast higher load-carrying capacities to deal with all that heavy lifting, all thanks to their thicker, stiffer sidewalls and deeper tread.

Image of chart of tire treads
image source: tiregrades.com

If you dive into the nuts and bolts, LT tires come with stronger internal cords and belts, making them ideal for all-season (summer) and winter use.

And if you catch a glimpse of the tire size info on the sidewall, you’ll notice they follow a metric or p-metric system but are designed to be stiffer for rougher roads.

Plus, the tread pattern is engineered to take on much more than your average journey. When it comes to load range, an LT tire means serious business—Load Range C for 6 ply, Load Range D for 8 ply, and Load Range E for 10 ply. This makes them a powerhouse for SUVs and trucks in need of a tire that won’t give up when the going gets tough.

Should You Use LT Tires on Your Trailer?

So, thinking about slapping some LT tires on your trailer instead of the usual stuff? Well, turns out, Light Truck (LT) tires might be a solid pick, especially if we’re talking about replacing those Special Trailer (ST) tires.

LT tires are intended for vehicles that generate stress with heavy loads, such as pickups, commercial vans, and heavier SUVs.

Why? Because LT tires are designed with some nifty features like stiffer sidewalls and a greater load-carrying capacity, pretty much what your trailer’s craving.

Plus, the tread design on these bad boys is all about giving you that sweet, sweet braking and steering traction, making them a solid option for heavier trailers.

They have a higher top speed rating, typically to 100 (speed rating Q) or 106 (R).

Before you jump the gun, remember to look out for LT tires that come in Load Range D, E, or F, cuz not all tires are built the same, and these ranges are your best bet for hauling that extra weight.

Yeah, quality LTs might hit your wallet harder than quality trailer tires, but they’re designed to peace out gracefully,

 ageing out in 5-6 years. And here’s the kicker: your tires on an RV or any vehicle for that matter, usually wear down before they get too old, which means you’re getting the most tread life out even if your trailer doesn’t hit the road as often.

  • Light Truck (LT) tires suitable for trailers as Special Trailer (ST) tire replacements
  • Similarities with ST tires: Stiffer sidewalls for increased load capacity
  • LT tires feature optimized tread design for braking and steering traction
  • Recommended LT tires with Load Range D, E, or F for heavier trailers
  • Quality LT tires cost more than trailer tires but age out in 5-6 years
  • Tires on vehicles wear out before ageing; RV tires may not be fully utilized 

What Types of Vehicles Typically Use LT Tires?

When talking about LT tires, they’re the go-to for larger trucks, hefty SUVs, and those bulky commercial vans. Even the beefy 3/4- or 1-ton class vehicles rock these tires. And don’t forget the delivery vans hustling through your streets; they’re likely rolling on some quality LTs too.

If you’ve got something like an RV or a heavy-duty trailer, matching them with quality trailer tires or RV tires is key, but remember, these tires, including LT tires, have a lifespan. We’re talking about replacing these baddies every 5-6 years, no matter if they still look good.

Choosing the right tire is crucial, especially if you plan to tow something hefty. Always eye that speed rating when shopping for new tires; it makes a difference. And yep, LT tires also get this rating, ensuring your ride stays smooth and, most importantly, safe.

What are the pros and cons of LT tires?

Pros of LT Tires:

  • Designed for heavier duty trucks and SUVs that need to carry more weight.
  • Thicker sidewalls and heavier duty construction than P-type tires.
  • Rigid and harder to bend and flex as much as passenger tires.
  • Designed to hold up and dissipate heat under a load while still flexing and rolling.
  • Tread is designed to have maximum traction under various road conditions and grip the road under a powered axel.
  • Can be used across various vehicles, including mid-size, full-size, and heavy-duty pickups, SUVs, and vans.
  • Resistant to flexing and punctures, making them ideal for an adventure rig, hunting truck, or heavy hauler.
  • Beefed-up internal belts and cords enabling them to shoulder the extra load.
  • Rubber compound can differ as LT tires will endure more heat generated from carrying more weight.
  • Can improve handling while under a heavy load.
  • Can have a higher load rating.

Cons of LT Tires:

  • Considerably heavy, which can impact fuel efficiency.
  • Reduced fuel efficiency.
  • Rough ride quality.
  • Typically priced higher.
  • Can generate an increase in road noise, especially on the highway.
  • Likely to ride stiffer than a passenger tire due to heavy-duty construction and higher inflation specifications.
  • Can affect fuel mileage since it takes more energy to turn a heavier LT tire.
  • Not ideal for regular on-road driving or those who don’t need to carry heavy loads or tow large trailers.
  • Don’t typically come with a mileage warranty from the manufacturer.
  • May wear quicker than a typical passenger tire due to heavy-duty use.
  • Require higher inflation pressure than original tires to carry the same load.
  • May require special considerations regarding inflation pressure and TPMS if your vehicle has a Tire Pressure Monitoring System installed.

Can I use passenger tires on a light truck?

Can I use passenger tires on a light truck?

So, you’re thinking of slapping some passenger tires (P tires) onto your light truck, huh? Well, pull up a chair, cause there’s a bit you need to know first.

These P tires are usually found on passenger cars and minivans, not exactly the heaviest hitters in the vehicle gang.

They’re not designed to handle the weight and duties of heavy vehicles or to cart around tons of cargo.

That’s more the job for light truck tires (LT tires), which are the tough cookies made for the heavy lifting needed by heavy duty light trucks, big ol’ large SUVs, and those hardworking commercial vans.

Here’s the deal: P tires might not have enough load capacity are more about the smooth ride for city driving and not about the grunt work.

Trying to use them in place of LT tires could mess with your truck’s handling and could turn into a risky business if you’re carrying heavy loads.

Plus, the speed rating and load capacity won’t match up. It’s a bit like wearing sneakers to a construction site—just not the right fit. And remember, mixing P-Metric or European Metric passenger tires with LT tires on the same vehicle is a big no-no; it’s like inviting trouble to come knocking.

Always aim to use an equivalent replacement tire that matches up in size, load capacity, and speed rating when it’s time for a tire swap on your light truck.

Do LT tires last longer?

Do LT tires last longer?

So you’re wondering if LT tires are worth the hype? they’ve got a payload capacity of a whopping 4,000 pounds, that’s like carrying around 1.81 tons! Plus, they promise a safer ride which is always a win in my book.

But here’s the kicker – while they might not make your ride feel like you’re gliding on clouds, sacrificing a bit of that smooth ride might just be worth it for the added safety and durability.

Now, onto the whole fuel economy deal. It’s a bit of a mixed bag. On one hand, LT tires might not be the best bud for your vehicle’s fuel efficiency, but hey, no one said perfection was easy to come by.

If you’re looking to squeeze out around 60,000 miles before scouting for new tires, keeping an eye on the proper tire pressure, including air pressure, and tread depth, and making regular visits to a qualified technician for check-ups on balance and alignment, might just lengthen their lifespan.

Sure, there are some disadvantages, but the payoff in durability and safety could be well worth it.

Light Truck Tires Vs Passenger Tires

So, when you’re deciding between Light Truck (LT) tires and Passenger tires, think about what you’re driving and where you’re headed.

LT tires are built tough, with stronger materials and designed to handle the hard stuff, like off-roading or carrying heavy loads. They come with deeper treads and more rigid sidewalls to tackle rougher driving conditions.

Perfect for those beefier vehicles like large trucks, SUVs, and commercial vans. Meanwhile, Passenger tires are the go-to for your everyday ride – think regular passenger cars, minivans, and those smaller pickups or SUVs.

Passenger tires are all about that smooth, comfy ride, offering fantastic traction whether it’s pouring rain or scorching hot. Plus, they’re designed for lighter vehicles and smoother journeys.

On the other hand, LT tires are made to endure, crafted with heavier and stiffer materials, but this does bump up the cost.

They’re generally pricier than their passenger counterparts, but if you’re heading into the wild or lugging around some hefty cargo, they’re worth every penny.

The ST vs LT Tires Debate (Don’t Make This Common Mistake)

The ST vs LT Tires Debate (Don't Make This Common Mistake)
Image source: tirecrunch.com

So, you’re caught in the ST vs LT tires debate, huh? It’s like choosing between coffee and tea for some folks.

ST tires are the go-tos for trailers, designed specifically for them, while LT tires are what your trucks and SUVs are munching miles on.

The deal with ST tires is they’ve got these super sturdy sidewalls that help prevent swaying and maintain stability, which is a big deal if you’ve ever dealt with handling issues when towing.

They’re made tougher for a reason, boasting higher load ratings and more durability because trailers need to haul all your precious cargo without a hitch.

On the flip side, LT tires are like the comfy sneakers of the tire world, offering that extra driving comfort for daily truck or SUV use.

They’re designed with your vehicle’s design in mind, featuring tread patterns that make a difference in how your ride feels and handles, particularly off the beaten path.

So, while ST tires were made to be tough and resist wear on trailer axle positions, LT tires have that give in the sidewalls for more comfort and are engineered with tire tread and tire width that suits off-roading adventures.

Choosing the right tires for your vehicle means weighing what you need more: the brute strength and reliability of a passenger car tire on steroids or the agility and comfort for off-road escapades.

FAQs

What does “LT” mean on a tire size?

“LT” stands for Light Truck, indicating that the tire is specifically designed to support the heavier loads and additional demands of light trucks, SUVs, and vans. LT tires often have a higher carrying capacity and are built with thicker rubber and reinforced sidewalls to provide the strength needed for heavier cargo or towing.

How do LT tires differ from P-metric tires?

LT tires and P-metric tires are designed for different types of vehicles and conditions. LT (Light Truck) tires are built to withstand heavier loads, rougher terrain, and more demanding driving conditions, making them ideal for trucks, SUVs, and vehicles that tow or carry heavy cargo. P-metric tires, designated with a “P” before the tire size, are designed for passenger vehicles like cars and minivans; they typically offer a smoother ride for everyday driving on paved roads.

Can I use LT tires on a passenger car for better durability?

While it’s technically possible to use LT tires on a passenger car, it’s not always recommended. LT tires are designed for heavier vehicles and loads, so when used on lighter passenger cars, they can lead to a harsher ride, decreased fuel efficiency due to higher rolling resistance, and potentially uneven tire wear. It’s important to choose the right tires for your vehicle based on its specifications and your driving needs.

How do I choose the right tire size for my vehicle?

Choosing the right tires for your vehicle involves considering several factors, such as the tire’s section width, aspect ratio, diameter, load rating, and speed rating, all of which should match your vehicle’s requirements. You can usually find the recommended tire size and specifications in your vehicle’s owner manual or on a placard located on the driver’s side door frame. Consulting with a tire professional can also help ensure you select the best tire model for your driving habits and vehicle needs.

What does the aspect ratio in tire sizes mean?

The aspect ratio in tire sizes refers to the height of the tire’s sidewall as a percentage of the tire’s section width. It is a number that follows the slash after the section width in the tire size designation (for example, in a tire marked as LT235/75R15, the aspect ratio is 75). A lower aspect ratio means a shorter sidewall and potentially a firmer ride, whereas a higher aspect ratio indicates a taller sidewall and often a smoother ride.

Are there special considerations for choosing trailer tires?

Yes, trailer tires are specifically designed to handle the demands of towing, including maintaining stability, supporting heavy loads, and resisting heat build-up. These tires are usually designated with “ST” (Special Trailer) and are built to tolerate the conditions associated with towing. Unlike passenger car tires, they have stiffer sidewalls to prevent swaying and ensure the trailer’s stability. It’s crucial to select the right tires with the appropriate load range and size to ensure the safety and performance of your trailer.

What’s the importance of having the right ply rating on truck tires?

The ply rating on truck tires is an important measure of the tire’s capacity to withstand heavy loads and tough driving conditions. Traditionally, the ply rating indicated the number of layers of rubber-coated fabric in the tire.

How does TPMS work with LT tires?

TPMS, or Tire Pressure Monitoring System, works with LT tires similarly to how it operates with P-metric tires. It continuously monitors the pressure in your vehicle’s tires and alerts you through an indicator on your dashboard if the pressure falls below the manufacturer’s recommended level.

Leave a comment

About Mohammad Sameer

My name is Mohammad Sameer and I have over 3 years of hands-on experience repairing cars, motorcycles, and trucks. Ever since I operated on my first engine in 2018, I’ve been passionate about all things automotive. In 2021, I launched my blog “Motoring Mastery” to share my knowledge with car enthusiasts and DIY mechanics.